UNESCO Heritage Sites in Holland

Holland is a wonderful country with a lot of sites that are acknowledged by UNESCO organization and international community. Find out more about heritage sites in Holland.

Holland is one of the European countries, which might boast of numerous cultural sites, which are the objects of pride of Dutch people as well as travel destinations of a big number of tourists. It is a famous fact that recreation in Holland is mostly associated with visiting historical places and places of art heritage due to a lack of natural and climate resources to provide active tourism. That is why the checkout of most peculiar and interesting sites in Holland might contain practical usage, in particular, of those ones, which are acknowledged by UNESO organization and, therefore, by international community.

Shockland, added to the UNESCO list in 1994, was the first one to be considered worth of including to international cultural heritage. Once it was one of the most populated peninsulas in Zuiderzee, being a transit point for Dutch seafaring ways. Shockland constantly became a subject of flooding as it has a low altitude above sea level. Eventually in the 15th century it has transformed into a separate island, which was abandoned by all its residents and became desolated in 1859.

Two years later, in 1996, Defense Line of Amsterdam also took its place in UNESCO heritage list. This construction was made during 1880-1920 and nowadays it is a 135 km ring of fortifications around the center of Amsterdam, including hydraulic structures. Starting from the 16th century people of the Netherlands took advantage of their superior knowledge of hydraulic engineering for defense purposes. 45 fortified forts protected the central part of Holland, which could be enhanced by temporary flooding of the polder and used a complex network of canals and locks.

In 1997 Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout was added. A network of 19 mills has been determined to to drain the polders since 1740. This group of mills is currently the largest concentration of antique windmills in the Netherlands, which makes this site one of the most popular tourist attraction in the country.

A year later, Holland’s UNESCO list acquired Woudagemaal, which was a forward-looking building not only in 1920, when it was opened, but nowadays: it is considered the biggest currently running steam-powered pumping station in the world. The possibility of flooding has also determined the construction of Woudagemaal.

Beemster polder (its creation dates back to the beginning of 17th century and its addition to the UNESCO list in 1999) is the oldest of reclaimed from the sea lands in Holland, which is the evidence of Holland’s victory over the sea waters. Here tourists might observe unchanged landscape, which includes fields, roads, canals, dykes and settlements, which mirror Renaissance and classical principles of planning.

The Rietveld Schröder House is one of the cultural sites in Holland, which appears to be a masterpiece of architectural art by nature. This building was constructed in 1924 by Gerrit Rietveld in correspondence to the order of Mrs. Truus Schröder-Schräder and her children. Up to her will this house should not maintain any walls, and the architect managed to build, probably, the only building in the style of Neo-Plasticism, which nowadays is acknowledged to be the most famous object made in this style at all. Mrs. Schroeder had lived in this house until her death in 1985, and afterwards the house was renovated and turned into a museum; Mrs. Schroeder managed the specific fund of Rietveld-Schröder for these pupose. The Rietveld Schröder House was added to the UNESCO list in 2000

And one more place, which is also situated in the capital of Netherlands, was added recently, in 2010, - Canals of Amsterdam. It is also called "Venice of the North" for more than one hundred kilometers of canals, about 90 islands and 1,500 bridges gathered in one place of interest. Nowadays it is the 17th-century canal ring area, which is an obligatory stop of every excursion round the city.

Fighting with sea attacks” lead to the appearance of many cultural places around Holland, which are the evidences of its bright history and cultural significance. Therefore, tourists should not worry about lack of travel spots as far as Holland can introduce lots of beautiful, exciting and fascinating sightseeing tours.